So what could possibly motivate innocent individuals to confess to crimes they did not commit?
So what could make a victim deliberately misidentify a suspect?
Answer: The Police/ The Prosecutor
On the night of the incident, The victim, Ms. Slater said on the 911 call that she was .unable to identify the suspect because he was wearing a mask that covered his face, leaving only his eyes exposed.
On her first lineup, she said that she was unable to identify the suspect.
When given a second lineup, she was 60% sure.
Two and a half years later, at trial, she is 100% sure that Charles is her attacker.
By the time we got to trial, the mask the perpetrator wore only covered his chin, so she was able to see the face.
So why wear a mask?
Charles called the police and reported 2 guns that were stolen from him.
He was taught that the police was always there to help, that the police were his friend.
That is how he was raised.
The pretty police detective befriended him, lied to him, captivated him because he believe it would help get his property back.
He also has some mental impairments.
He confessed. He said that there were 2 girls in the car.
It was a girl and a dog.
Well, he was half right.
LETS TALK ABOUT EYEWITNESS MISIDENTIFCATION AND FALSE CONFESSIONS
• In a standard lineup, the lineup administrator typically knows who the suspect is. Research shows that administrators often provide unintentional or intentional cues to the eyewitness about which person to pick from the lineup.
• In a standard lineup, without instructions from the administrator, the eyewitness often assumes that the perpetrator of the crime is one of those presented in the lineup. This often leads to the selection of a person despite doubts.
• In a standard lineup, the lineup administrator may choose to compose a live or photo lineup where non-suspect “fillers” do not match the witness’s description of the perpetrator or do not resemble the suspect. This can cause the suspect to stand out to a witness because of the composition of the lineup. This unintentional suggestion can lead an eyewitness to identify a particular individual in a photo array or lineup.
• In a standard lineup, the lineup administrator may not elicit or document a statement from a witness articulating their level of confidence in an identification made during the identification process. A witness’s confidence can be particularly susceptible to influence by information provided to the witness after the identification process. Research shows that information provided to a witness after an identification suggesting that the witness selected the right person can dramatically, yet artificially, increase the witness’s confidence in the identification. Therefore it is critically important to capture an eyewitness’s level of confidence at the point in time that an identification is made.
False confessions are not rare: More than a quarter of the 365 people exonerated in recent decades by the nonprofit Innocence Project had confessed to their alleged crime. Drawing on more than 30 years of research, standard interrogation techniques combine psychological pressures and escape hatches that can easily cause an innocent person to confess. It was explained how young people are particularly vulnerable to confessing, especially when stressed, tired, or traumatized.
SO WHO IS TELLING THE TRUTH?
NEXT: WE WILL DISCUSS HOW THE JURORS WERE DELIBERATELY GIVEN THE WRONG VERDICT FORM AND INSTRUCTIONS…